Recognition and ECTS
The objective of the degrees issued is to ensure initial training for candidates and their professional insertion with compliance with the European criteria and the requirements of the ‘Commission Nationale de la Certification Professionnelle.’ (National Commission for Professional Certification).
The CNCP (Commission Nationale de la Certification Professionnelle) is attached to the Prime Minister. The decisions of the CNCP depends on all Ministries that can validate / certify qualifications: National Education (the best know Ministry) but also the Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Social Affairs, Agriculture, Defense. Example: State diplomas of National Education are registered at the RNCP.
The Commission is responsible for creating the ‘Répertoire National de la Certification Professionnelle’ (National Register of Vocational Diplomas) that lists all the degrees and diplomas in France.
The CNCP is also in charge of the creation of the assessment procedure for study programmes. After this assessment, the Prime Minister decides whether the study programme can be registered by the RNCP. This registration gives national recognition to the diploma for the level of qualification:
Niveau I, equivalent to Level 7 (European Qualifications Framework) = Master / MBA = Bac +5
Niveau II, equivalent to Level 6 (European Qualifications Framework) = Licence / Bachelor = Bac+3
Niveaul III, equivalent to Level 5 (European Qualifications Framework) = BTS = Bac+2
Here are some explanations about the Bachelor, Master and Doctorate European reform:
In order to harmonize with the European Higher Education system, the French system has transfer to a 3-degree system: the Bachelor (Licence in French), the Master and the Doctorate. This new organization, called ‘B.M.D.” enhances European students mobility, the transfer in different specialties, and among other professional training programmes. The French State BTS (Brevet de Technicien Supérieur) remains a choice of short studies and is mainly taught as work and study programmes.
These classes allow to help people who wish to sit entrance exams for higher education social institutes. There is no grade, no transcript of records, no recognition. The final recognition is given to the students who were successful in the entrance exam and who have successfully followed the whole higher education curriculum in the selected institute.
Brevets de Technicien Supérieur (120 ECTS credits):
In accordance with the Local Education Authority (rectorat) and the national guidebook, IPAC gives BTS classes. Students enroll in the national exam at the end of their 2nd year and if successful, they validate a Brevet de Technicien Superieur, national 2-year higher education degree (European Qualifications Framework, level 5).
The Bachelor (180 ECTS credits):
The Bachelor is a six semesters programme. It is a substitute of the former 2 years Diplôme d'Etudes Universitaires Générales (.D.E.U.G ) that was followed by the Licence in one year.
The Master in Business Administration (300 ECTS credits):
After the Bachelor, students can prepare a Master in Business Administration either as a full time study or work and study programme. The MBA programmes lead to high level qualification and professional skills. It is an additional 4-semester programme.
The ECTS credits
The new BMD European Higher Education system is organized into semesters. Each semester is worth 30 credits of E.C.T.S. (European Credit Transfer System). This is common to most European countries: a Bachelor is made of 6 semesters and validates 180 ECTS credits; a Master is worth 4 additional semesters and is worth 300 ECTS credits.
1 ECTS equals from 20 to 30 hours of workload. This foundation has been validated by IPAC Academic board.
The European credit transfer and accumulation system is a system centered on the student. It is based on the workload necessary for a student to achieve the programme’s learning outcomes in terms of knowledge and skills to acquire. A credit system is a method that allows to give credits to each element of a study programme. The definition of credits in the Higher Education is based on the following criteria: student workload, number of class hours and objectives of the programme.
The Diploma Supplement is a document which accompanies all higher education diplomas, providing a standardised description of the nature, level, context, content of the studies completed by its holder.
The Diploma Supplement aids mobility and access to lifelong learning opportunities. It promotes transparency in higher education and fair and informed judgements about qualifications. It also accommodates rapid changes in qualifications.
National higher education institutions produce the supplement according to a template jointly developed by the European Commission, the Council of Europe and UNESCO. Each graduate should receive the Diploma Supplement automatically, free of charge and in a major European language.
In 2012, IPAC was awarded the Diploma Supplement Label by the European Commission.
Example of Diploma Supplement
Assessment system and mark scheme
In France, marks go from 0 (lowest mark) to 20 points (highest mark). The average is 10 points.
According to IPAC quality system, BTS and 1st and 2nd years Bachelor students are assessed by a minimum of 2 tests and a final exam per semester, for each subject studied during the semester. The tests are weighted 1 and the final exam is weighted 2. To succeed, students need to obtain a general average of 10/20 points. (Please refer to the specific programme’s study guide to know the weight of each subject).
In 3rd year of Bachelor and in MBA, subjects are divided in different Study Units, each one allowing the students to develop specific knowledge and skills. Each subject is assessed by a 1-hour written exam, which assesses the knowledge acquisition and which is weighted 40%, and a case study per study unit, which assesses the skills acquisition and which is weighted 60%. The subjects marks obtained must be of 6/20 points minimum AND the Study Unit average mark must be of 10/20 points minimum to validate the study unit and the corresponding ECTS credits. (Please refer to the specific programme’s study guide to know the details of the Study Units).
At the end of the Bachelor and MBA, the academic board, composed of the academic directors and professional of the sector, makes the decision to grant the degree to the students.